Grant Number :    1R01DK065029-01A1

Pricipal Investigator : Ganz Tomas

Project Title : Hepcidin and Anemia of Inflammation

Abstract : The pathogenesis of anemia of inflammation and the homeostatic regulation of iron absorption and distribution rank among the major unsolved problems in classical hematology. We identified and characterized human hepcidin, a new 25 amino acid peptide made in the liver and excreted in urine. Remarkably, the production of this peptide was strongly induced by infection, inflammation and iron overload. Others have shown that hepcidin inhibits iron absorption in the small intestine and placental iron import, and induces the sequestration of iron in macrophages. Hepcidin may thus be the iron stores regulator and the key mediator of anemia of inflammation. We now propose to explore the role of hepcidin in the pathogenesis of anemia of inflammation by elucidating the regulation of hepcidin production by inflammation, infection, and iron status, and its counter-regulation by anemia. We will test the hypothesis that interleukin-6 is the key mediator of hepcidin regulation. Specifically, we will: 1. Characterize the regulation of hepcidin synthesis by cytokines and pathogen-associated molecules; 2. Analyze the counter-regulation of cytokine-induced hepcidin synthesis by erythropoietin and hypoxia; 3. Elucidate the regulation of hepcidin synthesis by iron; 4. Analyze the regulation of hepcidin synthesis by iron and inflammation in healthy volunteers, in patients with classical and non-classical hemochromatosis, and in patients with anemia of inflammation. To maximize the applicability of the work to human patients, we will study the regulation of hepcidin excretion in healthy volunteers and patients with various types of hemochromatosis. This work is important both for the fundamental understanding of iron metabolism and for its exciting translational potential in the treatment of anemia of inflammation and some forms of hemochromatosis.

Institution : UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA LOS ANGELES

Duration of Award : 01 MAY 2004 - 30 JUN 2009

Amount :



 
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